Shanghai March ’19

The first leg of a three week work trip to Shanghai and Hong kong. 10 days staying in the very centre of ‘the worlds biggest city’. I’d done some research and quickly it became clear that I was going to see some excellent birds in the parks, As usual my focus would be on birds of relevance to vagrancy in the UK, perhaps my next trip  will branch out a little. But from what I could gather I was likely to see wintering thrushes,  Warblers and buntings. My hotel was 20 minutes from the largest urban green space: Century Park. 


The Park itself was a similar size to Regents park perhaps, with ‘wilder’ areas which held the better concentration of birds.  The thrushes were a real highlight, starting with my favourite of the trip, White’s Thrush A new bird for me and my first views were like a dream, an odd sized bird flushed through the forest floor, bold striped underwing in and out of dappled light and posed, half hidden. Incredible




I saw about 3 or 4 during my trip and each one was a joy.  An area of mature  trees and wet ground held other species of thrush, a flock of 20+ Dusky thrushes were mostly seen in flight and hard to pin down at first, according to ebird a Nauman’s thrush was present too but I didnt see it. 



the following were new birds for me: 2 Eyebrow thrushes, many Pale and also GreyBacked,(in that order below) the first year males of this species were excellently plumaged, better than the adults i thought.




RedFlanked Bluetails were stationed at regular intervals.



most were 1st winter types but I did happen upon 2 different adult males one morning.



Occasionally A Daurian Redstart would have a go at one, they looked brilliant stood in on the ground, resting mid tussle next to one another.




I had one Yellow Browed Warbler but by far the most common phyllosc were Pallas‘, these called and sang at intervals too, some very bright birds and some mid body moult.





Id heard OliveBacked pipits on my first visit to the park and hadn’t managed to get views of them till the last day where I figured out they were walking about in the long grass flushing to the trees when people approached to take photos of the flowers(a seeminlgy popular past time in China)  



Next up Emberiza Buntings of which I saw two Species, Black-Faced (Below)…



and the bird of the trip for me – Yellowthroated Bunting, what a bird. WHAT a bird.


Long Tailed shrikes were very common and present even in the smallest green spaces in the city, a contrast to Hong Kong were I only saw them outside the city in previous years.



Below a Leucopsis Alba Wagtail,


Next up the Gulls, Nothing to get too excited about really, Mongolian Gulls were the most common, the adults with that huge tertial cresent and fleshy pink legs, 


First years quite Caspian like in some ways- tail and inner primary window pattern, and sometimes expression in flight but not in others.



.. and Taimyr gulls (below).  I think mid winter should be better for gulls. I will be visiting Shanghai again with more regularity in future so expect a fairly regular post from there!




Early March vibes

At this point in March I usually make a trip down to the East Sussex coast in the hope of an early migrant or two with LP. The usual urgency to grab a glimpse of the year’s earliest migratory birds wasn’t quite as potent as it often is this time of year as id seen 4 Swallows down near Dunge off the back of the warm southerly weather a couple of weeks ago, back on the 23rd Feb!


Currently we are a week into constant blustery weather from the west and todays winds reached 50+ mph at the south coast. Not great for watching anything so luckily the previous day had yielded a few things to look at.



LP and I checked Belle tout woods on Beachy head first thing Sat and had 2 maybe 3 Firecrests, whilst the Cuckmere held a couple of littoralis Rock Pipits, some amorous Med gulls and this Glossy Ibis thats been knocking around.


Next up we checked west rise marsh for a Sand Martin or perhaps a Garganey, neither were present although a small group of smart Pintail, one or two Water pipits and the below White Wagtail were signifiers of the comings and goings of this time of year.


As we made our way back to the car we came across 10 or so Gulls and I could make out the familiar facial expression of a Caspian Gull standing face on within the ensemble.  After getting a little closer I could see the also familiar cadmium yellow darvic ring alerting me that this 2nd winter bird would likely be born and ringed in east Germany. A nice, big snouty thing.



Ringed at the usual spot by the very efficient Ronald Klein who replied to my email less that 24 hours later with the birds info.


The following morning, despite a weather warning and 50 mph winds, we hit Dungeness, Short version of the story is that there were lots of gulls but nothing of interest other than a 2cy Yellow-Legged Gull amoung them and a wind that got up my nose.


Thats probably my last post for a while, I travel to China next week with work: Ten days in Shanghai followed by ten days in Hong Kong, so expect some of that stuff for the foreseeable.

The Occasional Likeness. heinei, or the lack of in the UK

For whatever reason I’ve been thinking about Russian Common Gulls alot recently…The BBRC has this to say about them: 

“we believe that heinei is not safely diagnosable, owing primarily to the difficulty of excluding intergrades with nominate canus. Based on its distribution and movements, it seems likely to be of regular occurrence in Britain and dark-mantled Common Gulls in eastern Britain in winter may well be of this form”

I would basically agree with the above, however if it was likely a regular occurrence, Im pretty sure I would have seen a spot on bird by now. The fact is I have never seen a Russian Common gull in the UK, not even photos of decent 1st winter.

Generally speaking, 1st winter Common gulls in the UK do not look like Heinei, I ve never seen a first winter common gull with faint or no streaking in the head and little or none around the eye combined with a pink base to the bill, its a look that you don’t see here. The majority of 1st winters in Istanbul did look this way. Below are 45 individuals out of a flock of c600 common gulls taken in London in early Febuary. Theres some differring stages of moult on show and and Im sure some are from a good way to the North and North east (Norwegian and Estonian rings are picked up at wanstead on the regular)  this is a pretty decent slice of what they usually look like. 


None really look like this (heinei taken in istanbul ’19 and Cyprus ’16)

BUT! I thought i would post  are closest birds I’ve seen to heinei in the uk, call them ‘lookalikes’ if you will . They may be almost within variation but theyre not perfect so no good i say. I might see one a year might look along these lines and show the following features :

  • Caspian Gull-like neck Shawl
  • Pink Bill base
  • Clean white rump and upper tail, a neatish thin Black band with little or no white in outer web of t6
  • Mostly White underwing, contrasting with dark secondaries
  • A long winged appearance  

Whats really missing, or what makes them not heinei, or not perfect is the lack of :

  • A Clean white or mostly un-streaked head (on all)
  • 2nd generation Scapulars are darker than canus, (in most)

*canus can show all of the above features but in a combination of all of them should indicate heinei. 

Bird 1 wanstead 2016, a little too much head streaking/ smudging around the eye



Bird 2 Greenwich 2017, Again too much head streaking, dull bill base, (nice dark mantle though..)



Bird 3, Wanstead 2019– A little too much head streaking, although nice buff/pinkish shawl. Grey in mantle perhaps too plain and too pale. lacks dark secondaries in underwing (not shown)



Bird 4 Wanstead 2019, better looking about the head, but plain pale scaps not great and this bird showed a small mirror on p10 so I lost interest.


That sums up the best ive seen here and its where I am at the moment with them, maybe in ten years they’ll all be easily identifiable but I am currently yet to see anything that Im convinced is a heinei . Below is a confusingly plumaged 2nd winter bird fro Wanstead last week. Showing much black in the tail and secondaries, also no mirror on p9 and all black outer web of p6, but im sure its a still a retarded canus. Maybe i should be looking at adults!


1st winter Russian (heinei) Common Gulls, Istanbul

Here are some of the Common Gulls I came across in Istanbul. according to the Peter Adriaens & Chris Gibbins paper from Dutch birding a couple of years ago Istanbul was a research location for heinei Common gulls, most of what I was seeing were likely from decent ‘Russian’ stock, they did have that look and showed:

  • A Clean white, mostly un-streaked head (I feel this must be a highly important feature as I am yet to see canus show this!) with Casp-like neck Shawl
  • Pink Bill base
  • Clean white rump and upper tail, a neatish thin Black band with little or no white in outer web of t6
  • Mostly White underwing, contrasting with dark secondaries
  • A long winged appearance
  • 2nd generation Scapulars are darker than canus, many with brown chevrons and markings contrasting with the darker choclately remaining wing coverts, (unless bleached as some were)









The next few birds shows some head streaking but give a similar feel to me in terms of the tones in the wing and mantle, could well be from an intergrade zone or just variation … dunno





The Below photo was taken in Cyprus December 2016, a similar thing going on, long winged, bug eyed thing.


Ive seen a few Candidates in the UK, with one in particular showing almost every feature but the usual let down over here is the lack of an un-streaked almost pure white head which I suppose gives that impression of a small round head with a large eye and the expression seen on the clean headed birds above. According to the BBRC heinei common gulls are something along the lines of ‘probably only scarce’ due to a number of birds ringed in a catch of common gulls being assigned to heinei on biometrics (mainly wing length i think) i’ve never seen one that looks exactly like theyre supposed to in the paper although id hope it was a possibility. Keep looking.




Istanbul Caspian Gulls


2 nights stay in Istanbul for Amy’s birthday. The destination was her choice but I was defiantly pleased as I had an inkling it would be good for gulls.


I’d heard mixed reviews from ‘a good number of caspian gulls’ to ‘none at all!’ and I guess dates have alot to do with that. However in between the multitude of Yellow-Legs I probably saw 40+ Caspian Gulls. There were also a mix of Canus and Heninei Common Gulls, (Blog post for them coming soon) thousands of Blackheaded and one or two Slender Billed gulls.

Despite it being a trip to see the cultural and historic delights of Istanbul and not a Caspian paparazzi outing I managed to photograph a good few birds, Many more were seen just flying around, following boats and sat around in the small harbour at Kadikoy. I didn’t locate the best spot for seeing birds on the deck but here’s selection of the birds I photographed:








This next bird was a delight, following the boat for 5 minutes giving point black views sometimes even too close for the 100-400mm Zoom.















The only other age other than 1st winters were a couple of 2nd winters, this one below with tiny p10 mirrors.


The Sound of a few Caspian Gulls squabbling over bread was music to my ears and I think i’l make an effort to get out that direction again before April arrives.



Adult Bonaparte’s Gull, Erith

The Sunday before last I was driving away from a fairly quiet morning gulling in the Crayford area when I got a text from Dante, “We just found a Bonies, Erith Pier” my heart sunk as i couldn’t go and see the bird and having been there myself at low tide that morning I’d have loved to have been there for the find. Hey ho, and very happy for Rich and Dante picking it up on call! Today was the first chance I’ve had to go ad see it and despite it not been reported for over a week it came to bread at the end of the pier and performed a treat, often being the closest bird and calling on a few occasions.  A truly wonderful bird.




Strong sunlight gave the bird an alien impression when flying into the light, very distinctive translucency in the wing.


Other than that I’ve seen a couple of Caspian Gulls since the last blog post. below a pic of the Polish regular p:985 from Crayford.


…and below some shots from Erith a week a so ago. Firstly German Ringed Caspian from Laßig colony (quite a nice German bird)




Followed by this nice 2nd winter which seems to be new to the area.



and this slim dark 1st winter Casp, which has been seen at Crayford before.



Finally a big ol’ 1w Yellow-Legged Gull. 




Ringed Adult and Repeat Casp at Crayford

3 Hours at Crayford Viridor today with Dante and I closely missed a/the Glaucous Gull which may or may not have been the bird from last weekend. I picked up an Adult Caspian Gull which turned out to be Ringed. Green XUDU from Germany, ringed as a chick in 2013, have a look at the history below.



The only other Caspian Gull was this one which was loafing on jolly farmers and also seen on the roof at Viridor. 



Dante recognised it from my photos of a bird at Dungeness and low and behold… it is the same bird! (dunge pic below)


Another brief but enjoyable trip to the delightful Viridor Recycling centre and its scenically stunning surrounding area.

The day previous to this I visited Laurence Pitcher on the south coast, we had a look at what (at the time) was a suppressed Humes Leaf Warbler,which only really the Sussex locals seemed to know about, despite it being in a busy public park. A new bird for me and very interesting. I couldn’t believe the call and how pied wagtail like it was, no pics as it was a bugger to pin down. Earlier that morning we checked Newhaven Harbour for Glaucous Gulls of which there was a juv on the beach.